As I mentioned in my previous blog, there are thousands of published research studies to support the effectiveness of ABA in treating autism and Aspergers. Specifically, ABA seeks to decrease challenging behaviors and increase appropriate skills that are seen in many individuals with autism or Aspergers.
To help understand what your ABA therapist seeks to accomplish, let’s cover what these terms mean:
Challenging behaviors refer to those behaviors that put the individual in danger, put others around them in danger, or prohibit/limit a person’s use and access to community facilities (Emerson et al., 1987).
Let’s say a 12-year old with high functioning autism, “Jake,” told his overweight teacher that she is fat. The teacher, who was very insulted by the comment and the conversation that followed, sent him to the principal’s office for bad behavior.
From Jake’s perspective, he didn’t understand why he was in trouble for telling the truth. If Jake engages in these types of behaviors regularly, he may soon be unable to access his general education classroom.
As such, this behavior is considered a challenging one that an ABA therapist can help address.
On the other hand, appropriate skills refer to skills that a person needs to be successful. Those skills take into account the person’s chronological age and their cognitive level of functioning.
Appropriate skills include the following:
- Academic skills, like counting, adding, and reading
- Language skills, including receptive (understanding) and expressive (spoken) language
- Daily living skills, including toileting, getting dressed, and ordering food at a restaurant
ABA can be utilized to target any of the above skills that are socially significant for a person and help them grow these abilities.
For Jake, a socially significant skill would be to identify when a comment can be perceived as an insult by another person, and respond appropriately by remaining silent or saying something else. By honing this skill through ABA, Jake will be able to avoid being dismissed from class.
For families with children on the autism spectrum, it is important to teach some of the behaviors and skills that come naturally to neurotypicals. Those behaviors and skills are exactly what an ABA therapist will help parents teach and support.
In future blogs, we will talk about the steps to increasing appropriate skills and decreasing challenging behavior by utilizing ABA.
What are some of the challenging behaviors or appropriate skills that you see in your child with Aspergers or HFA?
By Dr. Berenice de la Cruz, PhD, BCBA-D, Training and Research Director, ACN
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